Irina Yányshev Nésterova
Las Palmas University, Spain
“Soviet interests in the Canary Islands. Sovhispan: 1971-1991”
We pretend to explain the causes and outline the historical background of the remarkable presence of Soviet interests in the Canary Islands during the last years of Franco and the disintegration of the USSR. These interests are defined in the existence of a vast Soviet fishing fleet. This interpretation fits with the understanding of the foreign policy of the USSR. Those policy makers tried to solve several problems: increase fish catches and increase fish consumption per capita on the one hand, and consolidate the maritime, commercial and political presence on the other. At the same time we do not forget that we refer to the epoch of the Cold War and the confrontation of the two powers: the USSR and the USA. In this case, the foreign policy of the USSR is projected to «domain in the four Oceans», bilateral Spanish- Soviet relations and Soviet relations with African West coast countries, given its geographical proximity.
Luis Almenar Fernández
Departament d’Història Medieval
Universitat de València
“Essential Objects and the Household Economy. Price evidence from the Late Medieval Crown of Aragon”
Did rural living standards improve in the course of the later middle ages? My research attempts to contribute to this question from the viewpoint of household consumption. I explore changes in the acquisition of a particular range of goods (tableware, cooking items and storage containers) from a quantitative analysis of probate inventories, public auctions and judicial records in the kingdom of Valencia (1283-1450). I am also interested in changes in purchasing power and the diffusion of fashions in the countryside as part of the process.
Ada Di Nucci
Università G. D’Annunzio. Chieti – Pescara
“Evolution of prices of goods traded in the international fairs of Lanciano in the Modern Age”
The fair system in many towns in the Kingdom of Naples during the sixteenth century was well structured and organized. In the area including Abruzzo and Molise, and in particular in the town of Lanciano, there were few fair centres or nundines that stood out for the originality and versatility of the goods that flowed into. The purchase agreements were drawn up by the notaries present in the trade centres of Lanciano in the sixteenth century; the analysis of the legal documents gave the possibility to build a database of the rates of the goods exchanged to study the trend of the prices during the sixteenth century and their implications on the living standards.